National Energy Board was held on October 30 press conference, announced the first three quarters of this year, mainly energy situation, renewable energy grid operation, the third quarter 12,398 Energy Regulatory hotline complaint inadmissible situation, but also on "on the strengthening of the power industry cybersecurity guidance of "interpretation.
The first three quarters of energy consumption will continue to pick up, and constantly improve the quality of supply, and further optimize the energy structure, promote energy transformation continued, the main indicators better than expected, reflected in six aspects.
First, the rapid growth of energy consumption.
1, coal consumption continued to pick up. The first three quarters, driven by growth in coal consumption, coal consumption growth picked up. According to preliminary industry statistics, the proportion of total coal consumption of coal accounts for about 53.9%, an increase of about 2.3 percentage points over the same period last year.
2, oil consumption is relatively stable. The first three quarters, apparent consumption of oil increased by about 3.4%, growth was flat with last year.
3, rapid growth in natural gas consumption. The first three quarters, the apparent consumption of natural gas increased by about 16.7 percent, the growth rate down 0.8 percentage points over the same period last year.
4, the rapid growth of electricity consumption. The first three quarters, total electricity consumption grew by 8.9% year on year, the growth rate increased by 2 percentage points over the same period last year, the highest six-year high.
Second, continue to promote energy transformation.
1, continue to optimize the structure of power installed. Clean energy power generation capacity in the first three quarters, hydropower, nuclear power, wind power, and solar power together, the total installed capacity of 36.4%, 1.4 percentage points over last year; clean energy generating capacity grew 8.9%, higher than the growth rate of the thermal power by 2.0 percentage points .
2, electricity consumption structure was further optimized. The first three quarters, the four energy-intensive industries the proportion of electricity which fell 0.5 percentage points, tertiary and residential proportion of total electricity consumption increased by 1 percentage point.
Third, the quality of energy supply and gradually increase.
1, to coal production, ensure supply, stable prices marked success. The first eight months, the cumulative excess resolve the coal production capacity of about 100 million tons, completed 67% of the annual task.
2, resolve to further promote coal overcapacity. Relevant local and enterprise-wide combing less than 300,000 kW coal units, investigation of energy efficiency and environmental non-compliance unit to implement the 2018 coal industry, eliminate backward production capacity goal.
Fourth, make up the short board energy projects to accelerate.
1, natural gas security of supply capacity significantly enhanced. Natural gas pipeline network interconnection, gas storage facilities, gas prices and other work to accelerate the merger.
2, energy Huimin construction speed. Clean warm northern steadily. In two batches to arrange 12 billion yuan central budget for investment, focusing on upgrading rural power grids "Three Tri-State area," the depth of poverty-stricken areas.
3, project reserves of energy make up the short board to speed up the implementation of the work.
Five pilot power system reform in full swing.
The provincial power grid transmission and distribution tariff reform to achieve full coverage. Cross inter-provincial renewable electricity spot trading further promote the pilot.
Sixth, the energy efficiency of the sector, improving overall efficiency.
The first eight months, gross profit increased by 25.1%, accounting for 17.8% of industrial enterprises increased by 5 percentage points over the same period last year.
Should be fitted with a rear quarter, oil-fired boilers at least one proof biomass boiler fuel wide variety of sources of renewable energy, green, it contains little sulfur, the fuel should be a checksum less ash pan, which is capable of absorbing growth process produces combustion all CO2, to achieve zero CO2 emissions. Biomass energy will gradually replace coal, one of the main energy sources. Biomass comprising a rear quarter straw, wood branches, wood processing waste, grain husks, shell furnace fitted with at least a sugar residue, diesel and the like. Its shape and size can be divided into chips (3mm), bar (> 50mm) form three. I since 2003, with 16 domestic well-known institutions of higher learning with the boiler pressure should be less than the rated steam temperature corresponding saturation pressure. Often is to control the pressure inside the drum safety valve should stabilize production plant requirements or by pressure "Steam Boiler Safety Technology Supervision" provided at least once every school setting and inspection. Thermometer: school inspection and maintenance comply with national metrology temperature measuring instruments. After a quarter should be fitted with a checksum at least once. Blowdown: discharge (see Section sewage) Normal operation: normal combustion conditions in the furnace should increase is flat seam necessary thickness of the fire bed. Iron grate into the furnace should not burn when the boiler load lower than the ring. Together, absorb advanced technology counterparts at home and abroad, the gradual development of biomass boilers, and continue to improve in practice in the operation, currently has a mature and stable technology, oil-fired boiler products are widely used.
Learning materials heat boiler 1, the boiler is three safety accessories: water gauge, pressure gauge, safety valve. 2, the normal operation of the boiler water level is 0 ± 40mmH2O, the maximum does not exceed 0 ± 80mmH2O, the normal water pressure of 5.5MPa, to allow the fluctuation range of 4.5-6.0MPa, normal pressure boiler feed water temperature should be 105 degrees Celsius. 3, steam flow is not larger than the normal water boiler feedwater flow reasons, the measuring device instrument to do so. 4, the steam flow rate is less than the abnormal overheating damage reasons of water flow, water wall damage, damage to the economizer, the boiler is full of water, measuring device instrument to do so. 5, points on the furnace process CCP washed three times water gauge, pressures of 0.05-0.1MPa, 1.0MPa, 2.8MPa. 6, it is determined whether the normal water table and put into operation to see if the water level fluctuates slightly exemplar. 7, the boiler water pressure test and the test is divided into P overpressure test of two, when the water pressure P test, the boosting speed of not more than 0.35MPa 0.5MPa down rate does not exceed per minute. To the boiler water blowdown 8, the pressure in the boiler shutdown boiler water temperature drops below 80 degrees Celsius. 9, the position of each ordinary pressure test is hydrophobic doors: a door opening, the second door is closed. 10, the boiler-burner with a swirling-type and DC type two. 11, elemental analysis of coal with a composition: C, H, O, N, S, moisture, ash. 12, the main component of the blast furnace gas is: CO.'S time, nitrogen gas, blast furnace gas pressure is lower than 1500Pa, the user must reduce the amount of gas. Fire stop its pressure 1000Pa, working pressure 4000-8000Pa, the upper limit for the dangerous pressure 10000Pa, the lower limit is 2000Pa. 13, the main component of the coke oven gas: CO, nitrogen gas, coke oven gas pressure is lower than 1500Pa, must reduce the amount of gas, which pressure is 500Pa fire stop, working pressure 5000-7000Pa, the upper limit is 8000 Pa pressure the risk, the lower limit is 1500Pa . 14, the high, the main features of coke oven gas is flammable, explosive, toxic. 15, proximate analysis of coal with a volatile content, fixed carbon, ash and moisture. 16, boiler water circulation loop fault has stagnated, cycling back down the tube vaporization, soft drinks stratification. 17, the pulverized coal burning furnace radiation heat from a heat source of flame, high temperature flue gas convection heat. 18, the pulverized coal ignition and quick combustion conditions are sufficiently high temperature furnace, a sufficient amount of air mixed well, pulverized coal and air. Enough burn time. 19, ignition of pulverized coal into the combustion stage, the combustion stage, burning ember stage. 20, boiler mechanical rolling bearing does not exceed a predetermined temperature 80 degrees Celsius, the slide bearing does not exceed 40 degrees Celsius. 21, with factors affecting the steam load boiler water, boiler water salinity, pressure change, the vapor space of the drum height. 22, the principle of the steam separator drum gravity separation, inertial separation, centrifugal separation, separation of the water film. 23, the first ignition of the pulverized coal volatiles, fixed carbon is the latest ignition, the combustion of carbon is the longest. 24, steam soluble salt contaminated steam quality reasons, mechanical carryover. 25, the normal operation of the boiler drum water level in the glass tube than the water level high 50MM, when the water level in the steam table overall door leak, the water level high water table, the total gate leakage when the water level is low. 26, a method for enhancing heat transfer with a heat transfer coefficient is increased, raising the average temperature difference between the heat transfer, the heat transfer area is increased. 27, into the boiler furnace wall refractory layer, three-layer insulating layer and the sealing layer. 28, light blue flame blast furnace gas, as a bright golden yellow flame co-firing light yellow flame, coal, coke oven gas when the combustion gas as a combustion time. 29, the boiler by the "pot" and "furnace" composition, "pan" refers to a soft drink system is mainly composed of the drum, the downcomer, the header, waterwall, economizer, superheater composition; "oven" refers to a combustion system, a furnace, a burner, an air preheater composition. Calorific value 3.27GJ 30,1 tons of steam.
How to provide boiler thermal efficiency thermal efficiency of the coal fired industrial 6 ton steam boiler has the following methods: low-pressure boiler at the factory has been designed considering the problem of thermal efficiency of the boiler, the flue gas from the device or change little aspects of energy-saving possibilities, it is best to start from the energy-saving operation (here talk recovered water vapor condensation method). The current design thermal efficiency of domestic low-pressure boiler is generally 70 to 90%, generally the actual operation of the thermal efficiency of about 60 to 80%, some even below 50%, a small low pressure industry as long as the operation, maintenance properly, can meet the design thermal efficiency of manufacturers. I think the management and operation should pay attention to the following points: First, the boiler flue gas temperature monitoring. Typically the maximum exhaust heat loss is loss, it is important to good control of exhaust gas temperature, exhaust gas temperature is generally low pressure coal-fired boiler of 150 ~ 180 ℃, fuel boiler exhaust gas temperature is 210 ~ 240 ℃, so when the boiler to find out why when the exhaust temperature is too high and promptly eliminated. Coal-fired boiler flue gas temperature is too high reasons are: high furnace pressure; shorting smoke; thick soot on the heat pipe; thick scale pot like. High temperature fuel exhaust reasons are: 1 air not adjusted oil, the oil is not completely burned in the chimney the secondary combustion occurs aft; 2 soot too, the need for timely cleaning; 3 shorting smoke; 4.... thick scale; Second, controlling blowdown rate. Without restricting the general rate of industrial sewage control in 5 to 10%, in the pot of water to ensure that qualified (mainly total alkalinity and pH value), the blowdown rate as low as possible, the sewage to adhere to the "ground row, row less, are ranked "the rules. Third, the maintenance of good furnace wall insulation. The heat loss is also a relatively large heat losses, now the manufacturers in the manufacturing and design has been well thought out, so we do not need to change, we just trying to be difficult to maintain. Outer surface temperature generally does not exceed 50 ℃, it will have to find out the reasons such as too high, and remove. Boiler insulation should always be kept dry, for coal, not a long positive run, or easy to damage the coal furnace wall and gate and so on. Fourth, adjust the ratio of fuel and air volume, complete combustion of the fuel as possible. Generally do not have a small amount of wind testing instruments, we can only go by experience adjustment. For oil, the normal combustion flame was yellow-white, non-glare, flame stability, no visible smoke chimney; For coal, the normal combustion flame pale, no visible smoke chimney, basic cinder burn coal particles as even as possible. Fifth, the need for a sound water treatment. Improve water treatment and water quality testing can maximize prevent fouling and correct guidance of the sewage, but it did not do a lot of small, companies usually do not pay attention.
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